Baripada is a fascinating town in the expanse of Orissa. Being the headquarters of Mayurbhanj district, the town has all the necessary elements for a lovely holiday. Infact, your tour to Orissa would be incomplete if you don’t travel to Baripada. Located at the foothills of the Similipal mountain range, Baripada is the best place to access the whole region of Mayurbhanj. The place has all the facilities of accommodation also.
Baripada is well known for its Rathyatra (Car Festival). People from far and wide come to attend this amazing cultural festival of India. The town is also famous for Mayurbhanj ‘Chhau’, a classical dance form. Baripada serves as an excellent base for touring Mayurbhanj, since most of the tourist attractions are located in the vicinity. Simlipal, the park of national importance, lies at a distance of just 60 km from Baripada.
Not only this, there are ample of lush valleys, forestlands and ancient temples in the region. If you want to get some exquisite handloom stuff, you can move to the markets of Chandanpur. Bangriposi ‘tusser’ fabric is one of the must buys from the markets of Baripada. Khiching is another place to admire for its amazing stone carvings. To put succinctly, Baripada would be a pleasant surprise for you, on your trip to Orissa.
Baripada is located at 21°56′N 86°43′E21.94°N 86.72°E. It has an average elevation of 36 metres (118 feet).
Festival of Baripada
Ratha YatraBaripada is a land where majority of the people are tribals. For the Ratha Yatra festival or Car festival, we can see a number of chariots. The devotees arrive from every nook and corner of Baripada. The festivals are time of their merry making. All are eager to have a hand in pulling the celestial chariot. This is similar to the famous Puri car festival in which Lord Jagannath, his brother Balabhadra and sister Subhadra make their annual journey. The only difference is that this chariot is drawn from Baripada, which is the tribal heartland of Orissa. Here the chariot of Subhadra is pulled entirely by women. The women can be seen in all vigor and spirit drawing the chariot. The chariots like the crowds are big. Baripada is the most favored destination of women from all over. All women are eager to draw the chariots. It`s doubtful whether this special treatment has the sanction of the scriptures. But the locals say that it is a century old tradition.
Baripada is the seat for North Orissa University. Since its humble beginning in 1999, this is now a prominent university in the state of Orissa. It is also home to the Maharaja Purna Chandra College (MPC), to which many students come from different parts of Orissa and also from neighbouring states. The oldest and most prominent high school is Maharaja Krushna Chandra(MKC)High School which was established in 1889.
Baripada was the first to witness a train communication in Orissa. The then Ruler of Mayurbhanj HH Maharaja Krushna chandra Bhanjdeo connected Baripada by a narrow gauge rail network to the Howrah-Chennai railway corridor.
Due to the sincere efforts of shri Sudam Mardi(Member of Parliament), now a broad gauge railway line has replaced it which has benefited over 100,000 of this city's population. Now a new superfast train from this city to the state capital Bhubaneswar has begun its operation. New trains to Puri and Kolkata are on cards. So it can be said that this city is fairly well connected to the outside world by rail.In case of road transport, Baripada witnesses the maximum number of Luxury bus owners of Orissa. There is a very good connectivity to Bhubaneswar, Cuttack and Kolkata from here.The city is merely 30K.M. from the starting point of N.H.5 which goes to Chennai. Also this starting point named Jharpokharia is the meeting point of N.H 5 & N.H.6 (Kolkata-Mumbai).
Also wide range of taxis are available for sight seeing and tours.
As of 2001 India census, Baripada had a population of 94,947. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Baripada has an average literacy rate of 77%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 87% of the males and 65% of females literate. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Mayurbhanj is known as the land of "Santals".
Current MLA from Baripada Assembly Constituency is Bimal Lochan Das of JMM, who won the seat in State elections of 2004. Previous MLAs from this seat were Kishore Dash of JMM who won this seat in 2000, Prasanna Kumar Dash who won representing INC(I) in 1980 and representing INC in 1995, 1985 and 1977, and Chhatish Chandra Dhal of JD in 1990.
Baripada is part of Mayurbhanj
• Shri Chandra Bhanu Satpathy, Ardent Devotee of Shri Shirdi Sai Baba, inspired the spiritual Sai Movement world wide and guiding millions of devotees in their spiritual quest. Also former Director General of Police in India.
• Maharaja Praveen chandra Bhanjdeo(Present Maharaja of Mayurbhanj Royal family)
• Late Pt. Jatindranath Tripathy (Pancharatna,sadsashtri,Goldmetalist in Astrology)
• Late Pt. Raghunath Murmu (Founder of Santali script-OL CHIKI)
• Jatin Das (Notable painter)
• Late Shri Chandrasekhar Bhanja,Chau Nritya exponent,recipient of sangeet natak academy award.
• Late Radha Krushna Bhanja, Oriya film's Music director
• Nandita Das (Prominent actress)
• Uttam Mohanty, actor in Oriya-language films
• Bijay Mohanty, Oriya film super star.
• Asit pati,Oriya film star.
• Mihir das,Oriya film star.
• Bijay Das, Oriya film maker.
• Saroj Pattanaik, Oriya lyricist.
• Dhira Basa, Oriya film maker.
• Rajendra Mishra, Vice President of Colt in Canada.
• Subhrajyoti Brahma, Business Analyst in DBS Bank, Singapore
• Kishore Kumar kar, CEO of Smart Digital Communications Bhd in Malaysia
• Sudam Marandi, MP
• Bansidhar Dwarikadas, businessman