Kendrapara District is an administrative district of Odisha (Formerly Orissa) state in eastern India. The town of Kendrapara is the district headquarters. Kendrapara District is situated in the eastern portion of the state, and is bounded on the north by Bhadrak District, on the east by the Bay of Bengal, on the south by Jagatsinghpur District, on the west by Cuttack District, and on the northwest by Jajpur District. Kendrapara District lies in 20º 20’ N To 20º 37’ N Latitude and 86º 14’ E To 87º 01’ E Longitude and situated in central coastal plain zone of the Odisha (Formerly Orissa). Bay of Bengal lies in the eastern part of the district. The coastline covers 48 km stretching from Dhamra Muhan to Batighar. Kendrapara district headquarters is 85 km from the State headquarters.Kendrapara District lies in the river delta formed by the Brahmani and Baitarani & branch rivers of Mahanadi. The Bhitarkanika Mangroves, Bhitarkanika National Park,Gahirmatha Beach& Baladebajew Temple lie in the district. The district has also other beautiful places like Suka-Parikshita Ashram, Kudanagari, Harihar Kshetra Mahala, Gadadhara Gosain Pitha, Korua etc. This district has 9 blocks named as Aul, Derabish, Garadpur, Mahakalapada, Marshaghai, Kendrapara, Rajanagar,Rajakanika, Patamundai.GARADAPUR is one of the 9 blocks of Kendrapara district. This block has 18 GPs. BADABETRA is one of them. BADABETARA GP has 7 villages named Badabetara , Bharigola, Kusunpur, Mahamadpur, Mirzapur, Pradhan Patkira.
Kendrapada is also known as the Tulasi Khetra. Epics reveal the fact that Lord Balram killed Kenderasura here. He married his daughter Tulasi and settled here. It is one of the old districts of Odisha (Formerly Orissa). This district is famous for the temple of Lord Baladev Jiew. The river Gobari flows through this district. It is also known for its spinning mills.Aul, Bhitarkanika, Kendrapada and Tamala sasan are the famous tourist places.
Kendrapara is geographically located between 20° 30' North Latitude and 86° 25' East Longitude and at an altitude of 12 meters from sea level. Kendrapara district covers an area of 2565 Sq. Km. The total population of the district is nearly 11,49,501. Cuttack and Bhubaneshwar are the two nearest airports from Kendrapara district.
Kendrapara is situated on the banks of river Gobari and is also referred to as Tulasi Khetra. the Baldev Jeu Temple is very famous among tourists who come to visit throughout the year. Ratha Yatra is celebrated every year with great pomp and grandeur. The annual car festival of Lord Jagannath, Balbhadra and Subhadra has great significance in the state. The festival of Gaja-Laxmi on Aswina Purnima is also observed by devotees with great dedication.
Some of the neighboring Cities and Towns of Kendrapara district are Bhagabatipur (10.4 nm) on its West, Ratnagiri (9.3 nm) and Indipur (7.1 nm) on its North, Patamundai (9.3 nm) on its East, and Patkura (6.1 nm) and Marshaghai (6.2 nm) on its South.
Kendrapara is the district headquarters and is divided into several blocks namely Deravis, Marsagai, Mahakalpara, Rajkanika, Garadpur, Pattamundai, Rajnagar and Ali. The district comprises of one Sub division, 1532 Villages, eight Blocks, 205 Grama panchayats, one Municipality and two towns.
Some of the famous tourist places of Kendrapara district are Gahiramatha, Aul, Kanika Palace, Bhitarkanika, Tamala sasan, Dangamal, Wildlife Sanctuary and many more.
Kendrapara is just about 75 kilometers from the state capital, Bhubaneswar. To reach Kendrapara one can go via Cuttack-Jagatpur-Salipur state high way or on the National Highway No.5 and 5 A, crossing at Chandikhol towards Paradip. Kendrapara is just one and half hour drive from Bhubaneswar Airport on the National Highway 5 and 5 A.The Nearest Railway station is at Cuttack which is 55 kilometer from Kendrapara town.
As of 2001 India census, Kendrapara had a population of 41,404. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Kendrapara has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 68%. In Kendrapara, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. The local language is Oriya, the state language, but a high degree of fluency is also present in Hindi, English and Bengali, as well as some familiarity with Urdu and Telugu in some parts of the population.Hindus form the dominant majority of the population. There is a substantial Muslim minority as well as Christians.
The great Baladevjew Temple is located in Kendrapara. A Car Festival is held in the month of July. The Gajalaxmi puja is celebrated in the month of October and Kartikeiya Puja in November and Maa Kali Puja at Olaver are held each year.Gajalaxmi puja is a big festival here and is celebrated for 7 days. Maa Kali Puja in Olaver is one of the famous festivals in the region. The Oriya sweet dish, Rasabali, originated from Kendrapara. The car of Lord Baladevjew, also called as 'Bramha Taaladhwaja' is one of the biggest car of its type in the world. Kendrapara is also known as Tulasi Keshrta (as Tulasi Devi is the wife of Lord Balabhadra) and Gupta Kshetra ( Lord Balabhadra wish to stay here secretely). Different types of prasad prepared and used in Baladevjew Temple are Rasabali, Potali Pitha, Magaja Ladoo, Kakaraa, Khaja, Karanji, Chhena Kheeri, etc.
Potali Matha, located at Balia which is around 5 km towards north of Kendrapara town, organizes a 5-day 'Biswa Santhi Jagayan' each year in the month of March. People from across India gather there. On the final day of the Jagayan, there is always a big crowd to get the prasad (Jagayan Ahuti).Most of the people here are farmers and some do business and some do fishing in the river and the bay-of-bengal.growing prawn near sea shore is a profitable business. Many small scale industries are coming up so people are now getting more opertunity there.
The Assembly seats in the district are Kendrapara, Bari-Derabisi, Patakura, Rajnagar, Pattamundia, and Aul.
Throughout the area politics have remained with the local parties since the 1970s. Kendrapara has played a crucial role in Odisha's (Formerly Orissa) politics, producing leaders like Member of Parliament Mr. Rabi Ray who achieved the post of Speaker in Loksabha, and Mr. Biju Patnaik, former Chief Minister of Odisha (Formerly Orissa). Present day leaders from Kendrapara include individuals such as Supreme Court of India Lawyer, Mr. Prasanta Varma, as well as Member of Parliament of Kendrapara (Lok Sabha constituency), Ms. Archana Nayak.Current Member of Parliament is Baijayant Panda.
Current MLA from Kendrapara Assembly Constituency is Sipra Mallik , who won the seat in State elections of 2004. Previous MLAs from this seat were Utkal Keshari Parida of OGP,Bed Prakash Agarwalla who won this seat in 2000 representing BJP and also earlier in 1990 representing JD and in 1977 representing JNP, Bhagabat Prasad Mohanty of INC who won in 1995 and in 1985, and Indramani Rout of INC(I) in 1980.
- Potali Matha
- Nrusingha Tikiri Matha (BayaBaba Matha), Kendrapara
- Anata Matha
- Baba Baikuntha Nath Brahmachari Math (Hanuman Mandir, Garapur)
- Sankara Baba Matha ,Rajagarh
- Sukaparikshita Sanskrutika Parisada, Kudanagari
In the field of Education also Kendrapara is not behind. There are so many schools and colleges which are engaged in creating well qualified professionals in all the fields. Some of the Educational institutions of Kendrapara are:
Schools Colleges Professional & Technical Institutions
- Baldevjew High School Balia Women's College Kendrapara Law College
- Balia Govt.High School Chandol College Kendrapara Institute of Engg. & Tech.
- Balia High School Derabish College
- Bhagabanpur High School Kendrapara College
- Bharati Bidya Mandir Marsaghai College
- Dohali High School Tulsi Women's College
- Government Girl's High School Lokanath Mohavidyalaya, Korua
- Gulnagar High School
- Ichhapur High School
- Ideal Public School
- Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Baro
- Kendrapara Boys High School
- Marsaghai High School
- Netaji Subhash English Medium School
- Rajagarh High school
- Saraswati Sisu Mandir
- St. Joseph School
- Standard Public School
- Sudersan High School, Thakurhat
- Kudanagari High School, Kudanagari
- Sidha Marichiyani Bidyaptha, Manatir
Kendrapara has produced a number of well known personalities. Now a days young and enthusiastic professionals are coming up and have established their names in the fields like Software and IT Industry, Petroleum industry, Management, Finance, Education, Administration, Politics, etc.
General Information About Kendrapada District
Kanika Palace : Kanika palace is the silent proof of glorious history of Kendrapara. King Rajendra Narayan Bhanjadeo laid the foundation stone of this palace on 9th June 1909. The palace was completed within the time period of ten years. This palace still has some antiques in it.
Vitarakanika Wildlife Sanctuary : This wildlfie Sanctuary started on 22nd April 1975. This sanctuary consists of 650 sq.km coastal area of Kendrapara, Jagatsingpur and Bhadrak district.
Dangamal : A crocodile project was established at Dangamal where there is a rare variety of crocodiles.
Gahiramatha : Gahiramatha is the breeding ground for several endangered species of sea turtles.