The name "Rourkela" means "Our Village" derived from Rour which means "your" and kela means "village" in the local language Sadri spoken by the Rautia tribe living there. It is also known as the 'steel city'.
The picturesque and modern twin towns of Rourkela and Fertilizer Township as well as their developed periphery are located in areas that were once covered by dense forests. According to the census report of 2001 the population of Rourkela is 4,84,292. As recently as 1921, the population as per the census record was only 382. The then railway station of Rourkela was within the revenue village of Mahulpali. The literal meaning of Rourkela according to the language of Sadri is your home. An alternate story has it that an indigenous community called Rautia was living in the area and the present name is derived from their name for their village.
When India gained independence, a priority for the government was the industrialization of the country. A basic necessity was the production of iron and steel, and after a search for a suitable location, a steel plant was finally ear-marked for the Rourkela region.
Hands of Steel
Rourkela is located at 84.54E longitude and 22.12N latitude in Sundergarh district of Odisha (Formerly Orissa) at an elevation of about 219 meters above mean sea level. The area of Rourkela is 200 square kilometers approximately. Red and laterite soils are found here which are quite rich in minerals. The area near Rourkela is rich in iron-ore hence a steel plant is situated in Rourkela. Rourkela is situated in a hilly region which adds to the natural beauty of the city. The Koel and Sankha rivers meet at Vedvyas, Rourkela and flow as a single river called Brahmani. Hence Rourkela is the confluence of Koel, Sankha and Brahmani.
"The Hands of Steel"(22°14′15″N 84°52′29″E22.237545°N 84.874696°E), designed by Mr J A Acquila, is one of the well known landmarks of Rourkela.
Rourkela has a tropical climate and receives high rainfall during the southwest monsoon (June-September) and the retreating northeast monsoon (December-January). Average annual rainfall ranges between 160-200 cm. The minimum and maximum temperatures are in the range of 11 C to 44 C with a mean minimum and maximum temperature range of 14.3 C to 39.2 C during coldest and hottest months. Thirty six percent of the geographical area of the district has semi-evergreen or tropical dry deciduous forest.
Rourkela is the industrial capital of Odisha (Formerly Orissa). Rourkela, with a population of 6 lakhs and the first place in India to house the 1.8 million ton integrated steel plant, joins the IT world through STPI. The city is popularly known as the engineering heartland of India. STPI has already set up a dedicated earth station in Rourkela. It is set to welcome the IT entrepreneurs for their uprising destination. It is truly cosmopolitan in nature and enjoys high-class international infrastructure, modern amenities and skilled professionals for the software development and exports. Odisha (Formerly Orissa) being the latest addition in E-Governance applications, creates enthusiasm for software development companies to explore the domestic business also.Location wise it is truly a hill station, with integrated infrastructure such as rail, road, air, abundant natural resources such as land, water and power, rich pool of skilled people, top-rated social and civic infrastructure for reposing and Universal friendliness. These factors have attracted many industrialists outside the state to choose Rourkela as their destination. Rourkela enjoys the pride of being the knowledge hub in the state due to its academic records. The geographical location is another blessing. In history it has never faced any sort of natural calamity whatsoever, except some heavy rainfall.The above mentioned factors along with the most stabilized electrical power supply, good administration and industrial nature offers ample opportunity for Rourkela to impress the IT World.
The steel city is divided mainly into two sections: Old Rourkela (sections of the city near the railway station that were settled prior to RSP coming up) and the much larger Steel township. The Steel township till 1999, was divided into 18 Sectors, Sector 6 being the largest of them.
The Steel township & Fertilizer Township(Sector-22) are under the Steel Plant Administration while the other sections of the city are under the Rourkela Municipal Committee. Some rural areas of South Rourkela are managed by the Jalda Panchayat.
As Rourkela is the commercial capital of Odisha (Formerly Orissa), it has a developed transportation network.
It is situated on the Kolkata-Mumbai South Eastern railway line which is a major route connecting the two metros of India. Rourkela is directly connected to Ahmedabad (www.orissa-ahm.org), Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Chennai, Cuttack, Delhi, Bilaspur, Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune, Puri, Patna, Kolkata, Raipur, Ranchi, Sambalpur, Vishakhapatnam and many more cities of India. Garib Rath Express runs between Hatia and Bhubaneswar via Rourkela.
Railway stations in Rourkela are Rourkela Junction, Bondamunda Junction, Panposh, Kalunga, Kanshabahl.
Rourkela is connected to various towns of the state by State Highway 10 and National Highway 23. National Highway 23 connects it to the nearby city of Ranchi which is the capital of Jharkhand state. Interstate buses ply between Rourkela, Ranchi, Bhilai, Jamshedpur. Several buses ply between the major cities and towns of the state.
The three-wheeler auto taxis are the most important mode of transportation in the city. Taxis also ply on the city's roads. Sampark City Service buses, introduced in September 2006, connect various areas in the city.
After the survey of AAI, air services have again resumed to the city. A private airline known as Sky Airways has launched services in the city since 1 October, thus connecting the steel city with the capital city of Bhubaneswar via Barbil. Rourkela departure 9:45 a.m. daily (five days a week, except Saturday and Sunday). At present the air service is suspended indefinitely due to lack of viability. The airstrip is currently being used for landing of VIP planes and helicopters. The civil aviation authorities are looking to restore the air service as soon as possible.
• Density of Population - 2,500 per km². Approx.
• Sex Ratio - 835 Female per 1000 male
• Per Capita income - Highest in Odisha (Formerly Orissa)
• Population (2001) - 4,84,292 (Township: 206,566, Rourkela:224,601)
• Main Habitations in Rourkela:Basantinagar, Koelnagar, Uditnagar, Jhirpani, Jalda, Fertilizer Township(Sector-22), Civil Township, Eighteen Sectors, Chhend Colony, Shaktinagar, Panposh, Jagda, Bondamunda, Rourkela Town, Industrial Estate.
As of 2001 India census, Rourkela had a population of 224,601. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Rourkela has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 69%. In Rourkela, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. Raurkela Industrialship was considered a separate entity in census 2001.
Rourkela has two recreation parks: Indira Gandhi Park in front of the Gayatri Mandir hillock, and a smaller Jubilee Park abutting Sector-8.
Famous boating lake at IG Park
Bipin Behari Panda (son of Late Radhakrushna Panda, Born in 1935 in Baincha Village in Balasore dist of Odisha (Formerly Orissa)), Mahatma Gandhi Award Winner & noted social worker(Close associate of noble souls like Mother Teressa,Ramadevi,Nabkrushna Choudhury) lives in this city, who has enormous contribution for the under privileged section of the society & the down trodden of the area. His relentless efforts lead to setting up of a Leprosy Hospital, Home & Hope a institution of Mentally challenged apart from being instrumental in setting up of various social institutions. It is because of his selfless efforts only Rourkela has turned into a Green and beautiful city, as Mr.Bipin Behari Panda was instrumental in mass tree plantation in and around Rourkela and also actively involved in the total literacy movement in Sundergarh District.
Manas Mandal - Hindu religious and social group that hosts dashera.
Rourkela celebrates almost all festivals. The most awaited festival is Durga Puja.
Rourkela is not only a steel city, but also the educational, technical and research hub of Western Odisha (Formerly Orissa). It houses many English-medium schools which provide world class education to their students. The students of these schools represent their schools in various science seminars not only at national level but also at international level. Some students of Rourkela have also got the rare opportunity to visit NASA, the famous space agency of the United States of America. Rourkela also houses one of the premier institutes of the country, NIT Rourkela. Rourkela produces the highest number of IITians in whole of Odisha (Formerly Orissa). Rourkela Institute of Management Studies (RIMS), one of best management institutes in the Eastern Region, is also located in Chhend, Rourkela. According to Business World (2008), it is among top 50 B- Schools in India.
• Biju Patnaik University of Technology
• National Institute of Technology Management Institutes
• Rourkela Institute of Management Studies Engineering Colleges
• Padmanava Engineering College
• Purushottam College of Engineering
- 2.S.K.D.A.V. POLYTECHNIC FOR WOMEN
- 3.ROURKELA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
- 4.BHARATIYA VIDYA BHAWAN ROURKELA CHAPTER
• M.G.M English School, Jagda, Rourkela
• St. Paul's School, Hamirpur (Boys)
• Delhi Public School, Sector-14,Rourkela-9
• Ispat English-medium school, Sec-20 and Sec-18
• Chinmaya Vidyalaya
• Desouza School
• Carmel School, Hamirpur (Girls)
• Deepika English Medium School, Sector -5
• St. Joseph's School, Hamirpur (Girls)
• Saraswati Vidya Mandir, Birsa Dahar Road
• Dayanand anglo vedic public school,basanti colony,Rourkela-12
• Kendriya Vidyalaya,Sec-6, Rourkela-2
• Sri Aurobindo School, Sec-5 (Added by Sachin Gope-1996 Batch)
Rourkela has produced some of the best hockey players for India at the international level including present day India team captain Dilip Tirkey and deep defender Lazarus Barla. Odisha (Formerly Orissa)'s Arjun Awardee Mrs. Minati Mohapatra is from the city. Olympians of repute like Paralympian Roshan and Rachita Mistry are from this city. Indian national cricketer Sanjay Raul and the Under-19 world cup representative Atish Jena play from this city. Former National 'B' champion in chess and second only to Viswanathan Anand in national 'A' Mr Pabitra Mohan Mohanty is a proud sporting son of the city.
The Ispat Stadium and a an astro-turf hockey stadium are located in Sector-6. There is a basketball ground, a chess hall, and a well maintained volley-ball ground in the same area. The indoor stadium hosts the badminton players and TT stars.
Rourkela has a hockey stadiums with synthetic astroturf. Ispat Stadium has been host for several Ranji Trophy matches.
• Sports Hostel, Chhend
• Ispat Stadium, Sector-6
• Biju Pattnaik Hockey Stadium, Sector-6
• Sports Hostel, Panposh
• IG Stadium, Fertilizer Township
guru nanak khalsa school
Current MLA from Rourkela Assembly Constituency is Sarada Prasad Nayak of BJD, who won the seat in State elections in 2004. Previous MLAs from this seat were Ajit Das who won this seat representing BJD in 2000, Prabhat Mohapatra of INC in 1995, Dilip Kumar Ray representing JD in 1990 and representing JNP in 1985, Gurupada Nanda of INC(I) in 1980, and Braja Kishore Mohanty of JNP in 1977.
Rourkela is part of Sundargarh (Lok Sabha constituency).